The Senses

The experience of being human is embedded in the sensory events of our everyday lives

Winnie Dunn (Dunn, 2001)

The senses and how they are organised

Exteroceptive

Information from the external world

Visual

Hearing

Smell

Touch

Taste

Interoceptive

Regulating internal processes

Hunger

Thirst

Bladder & bowel fullness

Nausea

Temperature

Respiration

Body in Space

Based on posture & movement

Proprioceptive

Vestibular

Sensory Processing

The way the human nervous system receives and uses sensory information.

We use sensory information to:

  • šDevelop perception of our bodies – ‘this is me’
  • šFilter, assess and compare information from our environment
  • šForm appropriate behavioural responses
  • šDevelop fundamental skills

 

Self-regulation

š“the ability to manage your own energy states, emotions, behaviours and attention…(to) help achieve positive goals, such as maintaining good relationships, learning and maintaining wellbeing.” (Shanker, 2010)

Many people have difficulty with how they are able to process sensory information because of a disability, illness or injury. They may need more help to regulate themselves to be ready to engage, learn, communicate and develop skills

 

An unconscious process of the brain

  • Gives meaning to sensation
  • Selects what to focus on
  • šThe foundation for development, learning and social behaviour
  • šLinks to emotion and memory